Parquet is a living material made from wood. The latter is composed of many layers, each with precise mechanical and aesthetic characteristics.
The processes of the wood that becomes parquet must be carried out flawlessly, in order to obtain a long-lasting and aesthetically valuable floor. Only a skillful craftsmanship allows you to give life to a beautiful and durable floor.
The stages of wood processing
To become a floor to be laid in our homes, wood must go through several processing phases, which ensure compliance with standards and a better final yield. From the sawing of the logs, passing through the drying up to the finishing of the surfaces, let’s go through all the steps that lead wood to become parquet.
Sawing of the logs
To obtain a quality parquet, the log is cut perpendicularly, in order to allow the planks to have the same mechanical resistance.
The lamellas obtained are seasoned to eliminate the humidity contained in the freshly cut wood. You can proceed to a natural seasoning, which produces different results a depending on the climate, the humidity of the ground on which the boards are stacked and how the planks are set aside. Alternatively, it is possible to proceed with the seasoning in dryers, large ovens that emit hot air in a controlled circuit, thus bringing wood moisture to the desired level. During the seasoning phase, which can last a few months, the wood drops from one humidity level of 80/90% at the time of cutting, at about 25%.
The drying takes place through two distinct techniques: oven or vacuum. In the first case, the elements are surrounded by hot and dry air flows. In the second method, the wood is placed in environments that recreate conditions of thermal vacuum, thus allowing the evaporation of water at low temperatures. The drying process brings the humidity of the material to a value of about 8%, namely at the point when it can be used in the composition of wooden floors.
Selection of the lamellas
The planks are then separated according to appearance, size and essence. At this point, the wooden planks can be divided into about 4.5 mm-thick lamellas in and then calibrated, in order to be glued to form multilayer floors.
The main formats marketed in Italy are multilayer floors, where the element consists of a core made up of several layers glued together. In the event that the wood presents irregularities or knots, if necessary, a grouting of the imperfections is performed.
The framing phase works the material and recreates the joints that allow the installation of the parquet. In professional parlance, these interlocks are commonly called “male”, the protruding part, and “female”, the recessed and hollow part. Now the floor is ready to be produced and finished according to the customer’s tastes and needs, choosing from a wide range of finishes and processes.
Producing parquet means combining experience with knowledge, and above all with passion. These are the requirements to work unique and quality products. The essences and natural shades have always represented a beauty to be valued and kept unchanged.
Gazzotti, a passion for wood that has lasted since 1910.